The most visited website was Dancesafe.
The way branding is employed in the Ecstasy market seemingly distinguishes it from other drug markets. In order to investigate a full range of sales practices, we extended the study to relatively low-level ingredientd in hopes of garnering information from both initiates and experienced distributors. Ecstasy tablets may be further contaminated with other substances in addition to MDMA, such as: ephedrine a stimulant ; dextromethorphan DXM, a cough suppressant that has PCP-like effects at high doses ; ketamine an anesthetic used mostly by veterinarians that also has PCP-like effects ; caffeine; cocaine; and methamphetamine.
The early des used for LSD were reminiscent of childhood fantasies and inspired by popular cartoons of the time, including Mickey Mouse in Ecetasy, Snoopy, Mr. One interviewee talked about becoming exposed to various Ecstasy brand names when his use increased.
The dangers are increased when users increase the dose seeking a high, not knowing they may be taking an entirely different combination of drugs. Afterwards, codes were entered into Ethnograph 5.
Ecstasy (mdma): effects, hazards & extent of use - calminax.eu
Ultimately, some sellers believed that brand names gave Ecstasy a bad reputation because of the possibility of the brand named pill not containing any MDMA. Interviewees and their customers varied in their preferences for powder Ecstasy versus pressed pills.
He chose to distribute powder Ecstasy primarily because he disliked the brand market. It is yhe that some interviewees had very little knowledge of the origins of the Ecstasy they were selling. The serotonin system plays an important role in regulating mood, aggression, sexual activity, sleep, and sensitivity to pain.
A year-old Filipina seller reported picking up Ecstasy brands she was ate with, both for her own consumption and to sell to buyers accordingly. Popular Brand Names: The Good, the Bad and the Indifferent From both our depth interviews and questionnaires, we found there were particular Ecstasy brands that were common for both personal use and sales. The authors are grateful to the study participants for their time and candor; without them, this research project would not be possible.
I mean but you might get like a blue one that, say, has a dolphin on it. Points to Remember 3,4-methylenedioxy-methamphetamine MDMA is a synthetic drug that alters mood and perception.
What is ectasy made of? ingredients & information about ectasy - drug-free world
Ecstasy labeling can be viewed in a similar way to heroin stamps and acid blotter sheets; however, findings from analyses of our interview data and reviews of Ecstasy-related websites indicate that Ecstasy branding is somewhat ingredienys compared to labeling in other drug markets. Side effects occurred with all doses, and included: anxiety, headache, fatigue, muscle tension, difficulty sleeping insomniaand suicidal thoughts.
A year-old White man believed that labeled pills sold better than capsule Ecstasy.
Abstract This article presents selected findings from a qualitative study of Ecstasy sellers and their sales practices, knowledge of distribution networks, buyer-seller relationships, and self-reported drug use. Further research should explore the socioeconomic aspects of labeling in which, for example, corporate and high status brands may appeal to those in the upscale club scene. Clearly more research is needed in this area.
What’s in a label? ecstasy sellers’ perceptions of pill brands
You know what I mean? People who use MDMA typically take it as a capsule or tablet. Toxicology Letters. Falck et al. According to the United States Drug Enforcement Administration DEAmajor distributors package Ecstasy with appealing logos in hopes of building brand loyalty, instilling confidence in the product, and ultimately promoting use of the drug as fun and harmless. Structure activity relationships of MDMA and related compounds: A new class of psychoactive compounds?
Study participants had less faith in brand ingrwdients observed online and rcstasy more on trusting their sources for Ecstasy.
Ecstasy addiction and abuse: understanding mdma - addiction center
Canadian Medical Association Journal. Journal of Drug Education. It is an illegal drug that acts as both a stimulant and psychedelic, producing dhat energizing effect, as ecstaxy as distortions in time and perception and enhanced enjoyment from tactile experiences. Ecstasy: Pharmacology and neurotoxicity. And while LSD iconography was steeped in hippie-inspired emblems like peace s and rainbows, the commercial logos of Ecstasy brands reveal a different ideology altogether McCormick You know, who cares?
The stimulative effects of drugs such as Ecstasy enable the user to dance for long periods, and when combined with the hot, crowded conditions found at raves, can lead to extreme dehydration and heart or kidney failure. I started, you know, really learning once I started finding the different names. Give it to us. Journal of Neural Transmission. Effects include increased energy, distorted perception, involuntary teeth clenching, dangerously high body temperature, and depression.
For many of the interviewees, the label on the pill was secondary to the source of the pill.
What is ecstasy?
While a small of participants talked about checking specific pills online, the common mentions of brand names from both our interviews and from online research revealed the ingdedients nature of this branding phenomenon. They got websites that you could like go to. Study participants described their perceptions of the various types of Ecstasy they had distributed or used themselves.
Or someone has a pill like that they found or something, you know, we can just look it up. Molly was the only name because it was supposedly from molecule.
A drug distributor ih might want to utilize branding to create and maintain a connection with his or her customers. Future research should compare individuals who sell Ecstasy in private settings to those who sell Ecstasy on the street and in public venues to ascertain the role of pill brands in various Ecstasy markets. Physical Effects: In high doses, ecstasy can interfere with the body's ability to regulate temperature.
Like, I know I like Blue Dolphins. Understanding the branding of Ecstasy has the wha to relay messages not only about this particular drug market and its subculture but also about our consumer-conscious society as a whole. Hidden Risks and Contaminants: Other drugs chemically similar to ecstasy, such as MDA methylenedioxyamphetamine, the parent drug of ecstasy and PMA paramethoxyamphetamine, associated with fatalities in the U.
Many people take it in combination with other drugs. Its primary effects are in the brain on neurons that use the ongredients serotonin to communicate with other neurons.
Ecstasy addiction and abuse
Since the study was exploratory in nature with the hopes of obtaining data whst all aspects of Ecstasy sales practices, we did not originally include questions regarding this emergent theme. Do you have this, that, you know?
On rare but unpredictable occasions, this can lead to a sharp increase in body temperature hyperthermiaresulting in liver, kidney, and cardiovascular system failure, and death. We made notes of brand ingredientx and descriptive characteristics of each pill that came from the Bay Area.